Gotthold Ephraim Lessings Sämtliche Schriften 22 Bde. Von Karl Lachmann; Franz Muncker. Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim, Karl Lachmann und Franz Muncker. 22 VOLS, GERMAN LANGUAGE TEXT.Third Edition, edited by Franz Munker. Vols 1-21 bound in ¾ vellum paper and marbled paper boards, Vol 22 bound in ½ vellum paper and marbled paper boards, no dustjackets as issued. Tight bindings, solid spines, previous owner's signature to ffep of vol 1, clean unmarked texts, gilt topedges, some cover wear and staining, edge wear to a few vols; vol 11 illustrated. Gotthold Ephraim Lessing was a German writer, philosopher, dramatist, publicist and art critic, and one of the most outstanding representatives of the Enlightenment era. His plays and theoretical writings substantially influenced the development of German literature. He is widely considered by theatre historians to be the first dramaturg.
Lessing was a poet, philosopher and critic. His theoretical and critical writings are remarkable for their often witty and ironic style and their unerring polemics. Hereby the stylistic device of dialogue met with his intention of looking at a thought from different angles and searching for elements of truth even in the arguments made by his opponents. For him this truth was never solid or something which could be owned by someone but always a process of approaching.
Early in his life, Lessing showed interest in the theatre. In his theoretical and critical writings on the subject-as in his own plays-he tried to contribute to the development of a new type of theatre in Germany.With this he especially turned against the then predominant literary theory of Gottsched and his followers. Lessing's Hamburgische Dramaturgie ran critiques of plays that were performed in the Hamburg Theatre, but after dealing with dissatisfied actors and actresses, Lessing redirected his writings to more of an analysis on the proper uses of drama. Lessing advocated the outline of drama in Aristotle's Poetics. He believed The French Academy had devalued the uses of drama through their neoclassical rules of form and separation of genres. His repeated opinions on this issue influenced theatre practitioners who began the movement of rejecting theatre rules known as Sturm und Drang, or "storm and stress". He also supported serious reception of Shakespeare's works. He worked with many theatre groups e. The one of the Neuberin. In his own literary existence he also constantly strove for independence. But his ideal of a possible life as a free author was hard to keep up against the economic constraints he faced. Gotthold Lessing Sämtliche Schriften 22Vol 1886 German Enlightenment Philosophy.